GrantsFrequently Asked Questions

For Europe Foundation it's very important that all our partners and grantees properly understand terminology that refer to EPFs work and approaches. We offer you description of some. 

Citizen participation

Citizen participation is one of the necessary elements of democratic governance and it refers to involvement of citizens in public decision making.  It is a process that allows individuals to influence public policy making by allowing them to take part in devising and implementing policies that are directed toward addressing the citizens’ concerns.  Civic participation ensures a constructive dialogue between different interest groups and stakeholders and is directed toward achieving the desired results.




Civic monitoring

Civic monitoring denotes a process during which citizens directly engage in overseeing the performance of public authorities.  This may include monitoring of service delivery, public policy development, and implementation of public programs.  Civic monitoring that is led by civil society organizations ensures direct participation of citizens, so that the latter not only serve as information providers, but also engage in the monitoring process.







Community mobilization

Community mobilization is a process that is initiated by community members, community-based organizations or other interested stakeholders, in order to join efforts in identifying and prioritizing common issues of concern and mobilizing resources for improvements.







Advocacy is an action by an individual or group for the purpose of influencing the adoption, implementation or enforcement of public policies.  The end result of successful advocacy efforts is needs-based public policy and service provision.Participatory advocacy ensures the protection of citizens’ rights and promotion of their legitimate interests, especially those of marginalized groups.  Advocacy efforts increase citizens’ access to public information and services. This process requires that citizens are provided opportunities to voice their views about concrete issues of concern, to protect their rights, and to promote their interests. There are many means and methods of advocacy, including media campaigns, public speaking, community mobilization to gain broad public support, publishing evidence-based research, etc.

Project replication

Use of the project’s approach or methodology in another geographic area or in relation to another issue area.


Mainstreaming of gender and minority considerations

Gender and minority mainstreaming is a public policy concept that involves a comprehensive analysis of the different implications that a project or policy will have on men and women, as well as on representatives of different minority groups.  It offers a pluralistic approach to development whereby perspectives of women and minority groups are well considered in planning and implementation of projects or public policies.  The purpose of mainstreaming is to contribute to more inclusive and democratic development, which ensures equal and equitable distribution of results.

Theory of change (ToC)

Theory of change is a comprehensive depiction of how the organization sees the achievement of the desired short-, medium-, and long-term results.  ToC demonstrates logical links between the organization’s actions and the projected outcomes.

Results-oriented approach

Results-oriented approach is a participatory management strategy that focuses on performance and achieving impact.  By shifting the focus from “how things are done” to “what is accomplished,” the results-based management allows project teams to maximize the possibility of achieving real, lasting, and measurable changes for their immediate community members or nation-wide.  Apart from improving the project/program delivery, it also strengthens efficiency and accountability. 



Media and information literacy (MIL)

Media and information literacy stands for an individual’s ability to understand and critically evaluate the diverse streams of information around him or her, as well as to produce one's own content and develop actionable media campaigns that shape public discourse.  MIL is a necessary competence for modern citizens, which enables them to make free, prudent, and facts-based decisions in the midst of constant information flows.  MIL is one of the ways of empowering citizens to effect positive changes and it is an important element of promoting independent and pluralistic media and information systems.

Please enter your e-mail and click here to sign up for our newsletter